Prostate is know as the largest accessory of the male reproductive system. The prostate gland resembles the shape of an inverted cone or a pyramid. Prostate gland weight about 20gm in normal adult man. It synthesize an alkaline fluid that provides about 30% of the volume of seminal fluid. The nature of the prostatic secretion is watery, opalescent fluid which contains calcium, acid phosphates, citric acid, lipids and proteins. Prostate gland is located between the base of urinary bladder and the urogenital diaphragm.
FUNCTIONS OF PROSTATE GLAND
1. Prostate gland produce alkaline fluid that add to the bulk of the semen.
2. It imparts the unique characteristic odor to the semen
3. Prostatic secretion plays an important role for successful fertilization of the ovum
4. The alkaline nature of the prostatic fluid enhances the motility of sperm.
PROSTATE RELATED DISEASES
This is inflammation of the prostate gland caused by bacteria similar to those that inflict urinary tract infection. Prostatitis can be acute, chronic or granulomatous. Usually, the bacteria become implanted in the prostate due to reflux of urine into the gland. Bacteria can also spread through its lymphatic routes.
2. NODULAR HYPERPLASIA
This is increase in the number of normal prostate cells which results in prostate enlargement. it is a common age related disorder and very common in men over 50 years of age. The syptoms of nodular hyperplasia includes poor prolonged urinary flow, hesitance and a sensation of incomplete emptying, variable degree urinary retention due to obstruction of urethra. A painful distended bladder may develop when patient are suddenly unable to urinate.
3. PROSTATE CANCER
It is one of the typical prostate diseases of man after 50years of age with an average age of diagnosis is 72 years old. It is the most common type of cancer in adult males and second most common cancer related death in man
– Advance in age is the most important risk factor
– High saturated fat diets
– Cigarettes smoking
– Untreated sexual transmitted disease(STV)
After 45 years of age some degree of prostatic abnormality is invariable; It is as much as a sign of ageing as graying of the hair. However we can prevent prostate related diseases.
1. Avoid multiple sex partners. Constant sex with your spouse keep you safe
2. Avoid long urinary retention. Empty your bladder as soon as possible.
3. In the case of sexual transmitted disease make sure you complete the treatment with the help of your doctor or pharmacist.
4. Reduce the intake of fat diets. Eat more vegetables and fruits.
5. Constant exercise detoxify your body and keep you healthy. Walking exercise enhances prostate health.
6. Take prostate food supplement. Supplement is not for curation but prevention.